Turkey Cultural Tour   
Eastern Turkey and Black Sea Region with Mesopotamia Turkey Tour (16 nights/17 days)
Eastern Turkey and Black Sea Region with Mesopotamia Turkey Tour (16 nights/17 days)
Eastern Turkey and Black Sea Region with Mesopotamia Turkey Tour (16 nights/17 days)
REQUIRED First flight;From Istanbul to Van. Second flight; From Trabzon to Ankara. Third Flight; From Urfa to Istanbul. In this tour;1 night in ISTANBUL,2 nights in VAN, 2 nights in KARS, 1 night in ERZURUM,2 nights in TRABZON,1 night in ANKARA,3 nights in CAPPADOCİA,1 night in GAZİANTEP, 1 night in Adiyaman, 2 nights in URFA. WE VİSİT;Akdamar Island with Akdamar(Ahtamara) Church by Boat,Van Castle, Muradiye Waterfalls to vustepe an Urartuien site,Van city tour, Ishakpasa Palace,Mount Ararat,Armanian Ani City,Kars city tour,Village lunch,Madrassa of Salcuks in Erzurum,Sumela Monestary, High Sophia Church in Trabzon,Zagros Bridge,Museum of Anatolian Civilisations, Mausoleum of Ataturk, Optional Hot Air Balloon Ride,Goreme Open Air Museum,Uchisar Castle,Avanos with Pottery and Ceramic(tile) making lesson,Zelve Open Air Museum,Kaymaklı Underground City,Pasabag valley,Dervent valley,Rose valley,Optional Whirling Dervish tour,carpet-making lesson,Gümüsler Monastry,Zeugma Mosaic Museum,Gaziantep old city tour,Mount Nemrut(Statues of Nemrut Mountain),Gobeklitepe Temple,Urfa(Edessa), Abraham's lake ,Abraham's Cave, Harran old Houses and city. 16 Dinners and Breakfasts are included.
Eastern Turkey and Black Sea Region with Mesopotamia Turkey Tour (16 nights/17 days)
Eastern Turkey and Black Sea Region with Mesopotamia Turkey Tour (16 nights/17 days)
Eastern Turkey and Black Sea Region with Mesopotamia Turkey Tour (16 nights/17 days)
Eastern Turkey and Black Sea Region with Mesopotamia Turkey Tour (16 nights/17 days)
Eastern Turkey and Black Sea Region with Mesopotamia Turkey Tour (16 nights/17 days)
Eastern Turkey and Black Sea Region with Mesopotamia Turkey Tour (16 nights/17 days)
Eastern Turkey and Black Sea Region with Mesopotamia Turkey Tour (16 nights/17 days)
Eastern Turkey and Black Sea Region with Mesopotamia Turkey Tour (16 nights/17 days)
Eastern Turkey and Black Sea Region with Mesopotamia Turkey Tour (16 nights/17 days)
Eastern Turkey and Black Sea Region with Mesopotamia Turkey Tour (16 nights/17 days)
Eastern Turkey and Black Sea Region with Mesopotamia Turkey Tour (16 nights/17 days)
Eastern Turkey and Black Sea Region with Mesopotamia Turkey Tour (16 nights/17 days)
Programme
 Day 1 (Istanbul)
Arriving to Istanbul airport.Your tour guide meet you and transfer to your hotel .This evening  your guide  meets the group to inform you about the tour.Than to have dinner in a local restaurant.Stey and overnight  at hotel in Istanbul.
 
Day2 (Istanbul, Van) B L D
Early today we fly to Van
This morning we hop a ferry to Akdamar,a tiny island in Lake Van, to view its Armenian cathedral. The recently restored reliefs on the exterior of the tenth-century structure depict a variety of Old Testament stories, as well as more mundane scenes of life at theancient palace. The church’s conversion into a museum stirred up controversy in the Armenian community, where the cathedral is still considered sacred. In 2010, the Van government allowed an Armenian worship service to take place here for the first time in over 100 years. After exploring the cathedral, we'll take a walk through the surrounding meadows to admire the church's idyllic setting.
After an included lunch, we’ll embark on a short hike back on the mainland to explore Van Kalesi (Castle), also known as the Rock of Van, an ancient Urartu fortress dating from the eighth century BC. The ruins of Van Kalesi make up the largest Urartu fortress in the world and the wall still contains a trilingual inscription from a later ruler, Xerxes the Great. Then, we’ll enjoy dinner back at our hotel.
  
Da 3 (Van) B L D
Drive to Çavustepe an Urartuien site with temples 9 and 8 BC. Come back to Van for city wolking tour. overnight in Van. 
This historic city is set along the southeastern shores of Turkey’s largest lake—Lake Van—a crystal-clear salinelake encircled by craggy, snowcapped mountains. In the center of the city stands a statue of one of Van’s most famous icons—the Van Kedisi, an unusual breed of cat that typically has white fur, mismatched eyes, and an affinity for swimming. They’ve been known to dive happily into Lake Van just for fun. Their numbers are dwindling and export is strictly forbidden, so Van cats are rarely seen anywhere else on Earth.
Upon arrival, we’ll visit Cavustepe, a royal Urartian citadel consisting of temple buildings, a palace, sacrificial altar, and an extraordinarily advanced series of ancient cisterns. We’ll spend the morning exploring the site, then enjoy lunch at a local restaurant ,knowen as Van breakfast bacome popular in big cities.This afternoon, we take a walking tour of the city to walk in the city center to fell easterns life. Dinner is at our hotel this evening.
 
Day4 (Van , Kars) B L D
Drive to Kars .On the way to see World Haritage siteIshakpasa Palace.Stay overnight in Kars.
Today, as we journey north through Eastern Anatolia, near the borders of Iran and Armenia, we enjoy views of green meadows carpeting a rugged landscape where trees are sparse and snowcapped volcanoes loom in the distance.
We’ll pause along our journey at the Muradiye Waterfalls to observe their frothing falls from a wooden bridge, and continue on through the rugged terrain surrounding nearby Mount Ararat—legendary resting place of Noah’s Ark. Then we visit the Ishak Pasha Palace. Rising magnificently from a dusty plain along the Silk Route close to the Iranian border, the palace is a magnificent example of 18th-century Ottoman architecture and a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
After lunch in the frontier town of Dogubayazit, which is often used as a base for ascents of Ararat, that have existed at the Turkish and Armenian border since medieval times. Dinner this evening is at our hotel in Kars.
 
Day 5 (Kars) B L D
Drive 1 hour to Eastern border with Armenia and Turkey to seeAni city 10'th and 11 'th Century city with its churches This morning we visit Ani, the ancient walled Armenian capital that once rivaled Constantinople and Baghdad in size and magnificence. Known as the “city of 1,001 churches,” the ruins here still contain the same bright red, black and pale yellow hues as when they were originally built from colorful local volcanic basalt in the tenth century. Ani never fully recovered from a devastating 1319 earthquake and has been deserted for over 300 years. An archaeological site of great significance to Armenia, the ruins were rarely seen by visitors in the 20th century due to Ani’s proximity to the Armenian and Soviet borders.Drive back to  Kars to have lunch in a village near Kars, to have some interaction with locals, than to have a Kars City tour to see old Russanns buildings constracted 18'th C. Overnightand dinner at hotel in Kars.
  
Day 6 (Kars, Erzurum) B L D
Drive to Erzurum to see Selcuk buildings from 13'th Ad.Like old Madrassa (School),overnight in Erzurum.
Today we discover Erzurum, eastern Turkey’s largest city. Set high on a plateau and surrounded by mountains, the town is a winter sports mecca noted for the challenging ski trails of Mount Palandöken. Historically, Erzurum has hosted many important civilizations, including Persians, Romans, Byzantines, Seljuk Turks, and Ottomans. We’ll explore MadrassaErzurum’s surviving medieval structures, including the citadel fortress and the 13th-century Madrasa with its twin minarets.
And, during a visit to a handcrafts market, we’ll see the many ways locals carve jewelry out of jet—the local, coal-based stone that spawned the phrase “jet black.” Once popular for mourning jewelry, the delicate shiny black stone can only be carved into intricate designs by skilled artisans.Drive to hotel for dinner and overnight in Erzurum.
 
Day 7 (Erzurum, Trabzon) B L D
 After breakfast wa drive to Trabzon ,on the way to see Sumela Monestary which is UNASCO World Haritage  Site.Its construction began in AD 385. Clinging perilously to the sheer face of a cliff overlooking a lush valley, the 72-room monastery complex dedicated to the Virgin Mary. Trabzon, situated along Turkey's Black Sea coast, pausing for lunch en route. Trabzon is birthplace of Suleiman the Magnificent, the most influential and longest-reigning sultan of the Ottoman Empire.Drive to hotel for dinner and overnight in Trabzon. 
 
Day 8 (Trabzon) B L D)
Half day tour of Trabzon to see High Sophia Church in Trabzon.Aya Sofya, a Byzantine-era cathedral adorned with spectacular frescoes.
Leaving the Aya Sofya, we discover more of Trabzon as we stroll from the Zagros Bridge to our hotel, where we enjoy dinner together this evening.
 
Day 9 (Trabzon, Ankara) B L D
Early flight to Ankara: to see Anatolian Civil. Museum and Ataturk Mosel.Turkey’s capital and second largest city. Our first stop will be the fascinating Museum of Anatolian Civilisations (The Hittite Museum) with its display of treasures and artefacts from the Assyrian trade colonies, the mighty Hittite Empire, and the Phyrgian and Urartu civilisations.  lunch in local restaurant.We also visit the Mausoleum of Ataturk. This magnificent tomb is in memory of Kemal Ataturk, commander of the Army for National Independence and the founder of the modern Republic of Turkey. You will be absorbed by the fascinating, life size depiction of life in the trenches, from the Turkish perspective, during the Gallipoli War. Drive to hotel for dinner and overnight in Ankara. 
 
Day 10 (Ankara, Cappadocia) B L D
After breakfast we drive to Cappadocia on the way we will have lonch.Upon arriving cappadocia we visit  Kaymaklı Underground City .During the Hittite era, as successive armies swept across Asia Minor, underground cities were built as a uniquely defensible community, approximately eight stories underground. We can explore some of the hundreds of rooms, wandering the many narrow, sloping passageways between kitchens with enameled food storage areas, water cisterns, stables, and living spaces—all well ventilated by air shafts. At one time, several thousand people lived here Than we drive to hotel for dinner and overnight.
 
Day 11 (Cappadocia) B L D
Cappadocia is one of Turkey’s most fanciful and recognizable landscapes,Today you may have an Optional Hot Air Balloon tour and during this optional hot-air balloon flight, we’ll soar over its amber terrain and fairy-tale chimneys, savoring a unique panorama in the quiet, rosy light of dawn.Please note: The cost of this tour cannot be refunded to passengers who cancel less than 24 hours prior to the flight  We’ll drive to the famousGoreme “open-air museum,a group of ancient churches carved from the rock. Most of these chapels have colorful frescoes inside, which date from the tenth to the 13th centuries. Than we drive shortly to Uchisar Castle which is the panoramic watching point Cappadocia. Many rooms, steps, tunnel and galleries inside the castle. Lunch in a local restaurant.Avanos, the latter providing us with the opportunity to purchase some of the hand-turned pottery and tile that has been shaped here for millennia and some of the techniques still used date back to Hittite times to 2000 BC. This afternoon we visit Zelve open -Air Museum.This nature site is the perfect place to take photos of remarkable landscape of tufa cones.Return to hotel for dinner and overnight.
 
Day 12 (Cappadocia) B L D
we'll see more of this scenic area of Cappadocia.Such as Pasabag Highly remarkable earth pillars can be seen here, in the middle of a vineyard, hence the name of the place which means: the Pacha's vineyard. Pacha means "General", the military rank, in Turkish and it is a very common nick name. This site is also called Monks Valley.See another interesting rock formation called Dervent valley The small fairy chimneys in the valley form a lunar landscape, or moonscape, by their strange look. The valley also has many animal shaped rocks. It looks like a sculpture zoo made by nature After lunch we have the unique opportunity to get acquainted with the old turkish carpet-making tradition of Anatolia. This afternoon we have hike to Rose Valley is a large valley located between Goreme and Cavusin villages, and it is divided into many smaller valleys: Gulludere, Kizilcukur, Meskendir and Zindanonu valleys. This beautiful valley gets its name from the rose-colored rock that varies in hue and intensity depending on time of day, season and weather conditions. Return to hotel or before dinner we have an optional Whirling Dervish tour,you can be witness the "Ritual of Sema." The Semazens, also called “whirling dervishes,” believe that the fundamental condition of our existence is to revolve. Dinner and overnight.
 
Day 13 (Cappadocia , Gaziantep) B L D
Drive to Gaziantep ,on the way to seeGümüşler Monastry near Nigde.This is a monastery church carved from the rock in Gumusler, This 10th century monastery is entered via a vaulted door. The church is situated to the north side of the courtyard, while rooms carved from the rock line the rest of the courtyard. It is built on a closed cruciform plan, and has a central dome, four columns, cross vaults and three apses. After tour drive through  Torous Montains where we have lunch in a local restaurant. Continue to Gaziantep.overnight in G.Antep.
 
Day 13 (Gaziantep, Adiyaman) B L D
After breakfast at the hotel, —one of the oldest continually inhabited cities in the world. Antep was known, historically, for its pistachios and olives—Gazi, which means “victorious,” was added to the city’s name in 1921. Now one of Turkey’s most vibrant cities, it is a shining example of a place that has been evolving for thousands of years. we’ll visit the Zeugma  Mosaic Museum of Gaziantep—the world’s largest collection of mosaics features relics from Zeugma, a nearby Roman city whose villas included stunning floor mosaics. Then we’ll tour Gaziantep’s Old Town, exploring stone houses and the market, where perhaps you’ll find some of the city’s signature products—copperware and colorful “Yemeni” slippers.After lunch here, drive to Adiyaman. Dinner is at our hotel this evening.
 
Day 14 ( Adiyaman, Urfa) B L D
After breakfast, we depart for Mount Nemrut, one of Turkey’s most breathtaking destinations. We enjoy a picnic lunch before ascending the renowned mountaintop to the UNESCO World Heritage Site where Antiochus I of the Kingdom of Commagene erected a temple and some dozen gigantic statues of both himself and various ancient gods. Some speculate this was an attempt to unite his multi-faith kingdom while others consider it an extremely narcissistic attempt at immortality. This is also believed to be the final resting place of Antiochus I, although archaeologists have never been able to locate his tomb. The bodies of the colossal statues stand, somewhat deteriorated, with their beautifully carved heads laying scattered at their feet around the haunting peak of Mount Nemrut. This affords us a rare opportunity to get up and close and see the detail of such ancient and grand statues.Than drive to Urfa for dinner and overnight.
 
Day 15 (Urfa) B L D 
Transfer to Gobeklitepe, is a hilltop sanctuary erected on the highest point of an elongated mountain ridge in southeastern Turkey, some 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) northeast of the town of Şanlıurfa(formerly Urfa / Edessa). It is the oldest human-made religious structure yet discovered. The site, currently undergoing excavation by German and Turkish archaeologists, was most likely erected by hunter-gatherers in the9th millennium BCE (c. 11,000 years ago). Together with Nevalı Çori, it has revolutionized understanding of the Eurasian Neolithic.We tour the village of Harran, where Abraham is said to have lived nearly 4,000 years ago. We then return to Urfa, where we’ll have time for visiting Abraham's lake with fish and Abraham's Cave where it is believed he liveved there for some years after he was born. After exploring its Arab Quarter and Old Town we return to our Hotel.
 
Day: 16: Fly back to Istanbul
Included
Hotel Accommodation at below suggested hotels or similar • Sightseeing as per above itinerary • All escorted transfers • Daily breakfast, Lunches & Dinners where indicated. (Beverages are not included during lunches & Dinners) • Transportation by A/C deluxe vehicle depending number of pax • English speaking professional tour guide through the tour • All entry fees to the sites & museums • Tips to the hotel and restaurant staff • Service charges & local taxes
Excluded
• Flight tickets (International & National) • Drinks and meals which are not listed at the itinerary • All personal expenses • Tips to the tour guide and driver.
Notes
REQUESTED; This tour is not runing during the winter months, You need to bring good walking shoe or hiking shoe for hiking in one of the valley in Cappadocia,(hiking is optional and free of charge)
In this tour;1 night in ISTANBUL,2 nights in VAN, 2 nights in KARS, 1 night in ERZURUM,2 nights in TRABZON,1 night in ANKARA,3 nights in CAPPADOCİA,1 nights in GAZİANTEP, 1 night in Adiyaman, 2 nights in URFA.
WE VİSİT;Akdamar Island with Akdamar(Ahtamara) Church by Boat,Van Castle, Muradiye Waterfalls to vustepe an Urartuien site,Van city tour, Ishakpasa Palace,Mount Ararat,Armanian Ani City,Kars city tour,Village lunch,Madrassa of Salcuks in Erzurum,Sumela Monestary, High Sophia Church in Trabzon,Zagros Bridge,Museum of Anatolian Civilisations,  Mausoleum of Ataturk,  Optional Hot Air Balloon Ride,Goreme Open Air Museum,Uchisar Castle,Avanos with Pottery and Ceramic(tile) making lesson,Zelve Open Air Museum,Kaymaklı Underground City,Pasabag valley,Dervent valley,Rose valley,Optional Whirling Dervish tour,carpet-making lesson,Gümüsler Monastry,Zeugma Mosaic Museum,Gaziantep old city tour,Mount Nemrut(Statues of Nemrut Mountain),Gobeklitepe Temple,Urfa(Edessa), Abraham's lake ,Abraham's Cave, Harran old Houses and city.
16 Dinners and Breakfasts are included .Gobeklitepel tour in Turkey is becoming popularand also Southeast-mesopotamia in Turkey tours as mostly increasing its interests for travelers these years. Van Armenian Church, Ani Armenian City, Sumela Monastery, exotic black sea and eastern Turkey, mount nemrud statues tours are added to  tour itineraries for Turkey. these are some  attractions of Turkey to go to Turkey.
Request and Booking Form
Turkey Cultural Tour
Zincirlidere Cd.Sisli-Istanbul/Turkey
• Tel: +90 532 3163653 • Tel: +90 212 2893252 • Fax: +90 212 2893252
• tours@turkeyculturaltour.com, • http://www.turkeyculturaltour.com
Turkey Cultural Tour
Zincirlidere Cd.Sisli-Istanbul/Turkey
• Tel: +90 532 3163653 • Tel: +90 212 2893252 • Fax: +90 212 2893252
• tours@turkeyculturaltour.com, • http://www.turkeyculturaltour.com