Turkey Cultural Tour   
Undiscovered Civilizations of Black Sea, Eastern, Central Turkey Tour (16 nights/ 17 days)
Undiscovered Civilizations of Black Sea, Eastern, Central Turkey Tour (16 nights/ 17 days)
Undiscovered Civilizations of Black Sea, Eastern, Central Turkey Tour (16 nights/ 17 days)
REQUIRED; One flight;From Istanbul to Van. In this tour;2 nights in ISTANBUL,2 nights in VAN, 2 nights in KARS, 2 nights in BLACK SEA AYDER PLATEAU , 2 nights in TRABZON,2 nights in SIVAS ,3 nights in CAPPADOCİA. 1 night in ANKARA. WE VİSİT; Van Akdamar Island with Akdamar(Ahtamara) Church by Boat, Van Castle, Cavustepe an Urartuien site, Van city tour, Muradiye Waterfalls, Ishakpasa Palace, Mount Ararat, Armanian Ani City, Kars city tour, Village lunch , Black Sea Ayder Plateau, Kavran Plateau with a free optional hike, Sumela Monestary, Higia Sophia Church in Trabzon, Zagros Bridge, Sivas Sifaiye Theological School, Sivas Cifte Minareli (Double Minaret) Theological School, Divrigi UNESCO Site- old mosque and hospital, Cappadocia , Optional Hot Air Balloon Ride, Goreme Open Air Museum, Uchisar Castle, Avanos with Pottery and Ceramic(tile) making lesson, Zelve Open Air Museum, Kaymaklı Underground City, Pasabag valley, Dervent valley, Rose valley, Optional Whirling Dervish tour, carpet-making lesson, Hittites capital city Hattusash and Yazılıkaya Open Air Museum, Museum of Anatolian Civilisations,
Undiscovered Civilizations of Black Sea, Eastern, Central Turkey Tour (16 nights/ 17 days)
Undiscovered Civilizations of Black Sea, Eastern, Central Turkey Tour (16 nights/ 17 days)
Undiscovered Civilizations of Black Sea, Eastern, Central Turkey Tour (16 nights/ 17 days)
Undiscovered Civilizations of Black Sea, Eastern, Central Turkey Tour (16 nights/ 17 days)
Undiscovered Civilizations of Black Sea, Eastern, Central Turkey Tour (16 nights/ 17 days)
Undiscovered Civilizations of Black Sea, Eastern, Central Turkey Tour (16 nights/ 17 days)
Undiscovered Civilizations of Black Sea, Eastern, Central Turkey Tour (16 nights/ 17 days)
Undiscovered Civilizations of Black Sea, Eastern, Central Turkey Tour (16 nights/ 17 days)
Undiscovered Civilizations of Black Sea, Eastern, Central Turkey Tour (16 nights/ 17 days)
Undiscovered Civilizations of Black Sea, Eastern, Central Turkey Tour (16 nights/ 17 days)
Undiscovered Civilizations of Black Sea, Eastern, Central Turkey Tour (16 nights/ 17 days)
Undiscovered Civilizations of Black Sea, Eastern, Central Turkey Tour (16 nights/ 17 days)
Programme
Day 1 (Istanbul)
Arriving to Istanbul airport.Your tour guide meet you and transfer to your hotel .This evening your guide meets the group to inform you about the tour.Than to have dinner in a local restaurant.Stey and overnight at hotel in Istanbul.
 
Day2 (Istanbul, Van) B L D
Early today we fly to Van
This morning we hop a ferry toAkdamar,a tiny island in Lake Van, to view its Armenian cathedral. The recently restored reliefs on the exterior of the tenth-century structure depict a variety of Old Testament stories, as well as more mundane scenes of life at theancient palace. The church’s conversion into a museum stirred up controversy in the Armenian community, where the cathedral is still considered sacred. In 2010, the Van government allowed an Armenian worship service to take place here for the first time in over 100 years. After exploring the cathedral, we'll take a walk through the surrounding meadows to admire the church's idyllic setting. After an included lunch, we’ll embark on a short hike back on the mainland to explore Van Kalesi (Castle), also known as the Rock of Van, an ancient Urartu fortress dating from the eighth century BC. The ruins of Van Kalesi make up the largest Urartu fortress in the world and the wall still contains a trilingual inscription from a later ruler, Xerxes the Great. Then, we’ll enjoy dinner back at our hotel.
  
Da 3 (Van) B L D
Drive to Çavustepe an Urartuien site with temples 9 and 8 BC. Come back to Van for city wolking tour. overnight in Van. This historic city is set along the southeastern shores of Turkey’s largest lake—Lake Van—a crystal-clear salinelake encircled by craggy, snowcapped mountains. In the center of the city stands a statue of one of Van’s most famous icons—the Van Kedisi, an unusual breed of cat that typically has white fur, mismatched eyes, and an affinity for swimming. They’ve been known to dive happily into Lake Van just for fun. Their numbers are dwindling and export is strictly forbidden, so Van cats are rarely seen anywhere else on Earth.Upon arrival, we’ll visit Cavustepe, a royal Urartian citadel consisting of temple buildings, a palace, sacrificial altar, and an extraordinarily advanced series of ancient cisterns. We’ll spend the morning exploring the site, then enjoy lunch at a local restaurant ,knowen as Van breakfast bacome popular in big cities.This afternoon, we take a walking tour of the city to walk in the city center to fell easterns life. Dinner is at our hotel this evening.
 
Day 4 (Van, Kars) B L D
 Drive to Kars .On the way to see World Haritage siteIshakpasa Palace.Stay overnight in Kars.
Today, as we journey north through Eastern Anatolia, near the borders of Iran and Armenia, we enjoy views of green meadows carpeting a rugged landscape where trees are sparse and snowcapped volcanoes loom in the distance.
We’ll pause along our journey at the Muradiye Waterfalls to observe their frothing falls from a wooden bridge, and continue on through the rugged terrain surrounding nearby Mount Ararat—legendary resting place of Noah’s Ark. Then we visit the Ishak Pasha Palace. Rising magnificently from a dusty plain along the Silk Route close to the Iranian border, the palace is a magnificent example of 18th-century Ottoman architecture and a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
After lunch in the frontier town of Dogubayazit, which is often used as a base for ascents of Ararat, that have existed at the Turkish and Armenian border since medieval times. Dinner this evening is at our hotel in Kars.
 
Day 5 (Kars) B L D
Drive 1 hour to Eastern border with Armenia and Turkey to see Ani city 10'th and 11 'th Century city with its churches This morning we visit Ani, the ancient walled Armenian capital that once rivaled Constantinople and Baghdad in size and magnificence. Known as the “city of 1,001 churches,” the ruins here still contain the same bright red, black and pale yellow hues as when they were originally built from colorful local volcanic basalt in the tenth century. Ani never fully recovered from a devastating 1319 earthquake and has been deserted for over 300 years. An archaeological site of great significance to Armenia, the ruins were rarely seen by visitors in the 20th century due to Ani’s proximity to the Armenian and Soviet borders.Drive back to Kars to have lunch in a village near Kars, to have some interaction with locals, than to have a Kars City tour to see old Russanns buildings constracted 18'th C. Overnightand dinner at hotel in Kars.
 
Day 6 (Kars, Ayder plateau-Black sea) B L D
After breakfast we drive to The highlands in foothills of the Kaçkar mountain range with their unspoiled natural surroundings and charming highland houses are a must-see.  Lunch is on the way.  The Ayder Highland is the most well-known highland along theBlack Sea. The infrastructure is totally in place and it almost has the appearance of a small town. Besides the abundant plant and wildlife, it is also very famous for its thermal spring. Drive to the Hotel for dinner and overnight.
 
Day 7 Ayder-Kavran Highlands B L D
Today we enjoy the beauty of black sea mountains with its pllateaus , to hire a minibus to go Kavron plateau.There we have an optional hike and lunch.
With an elevation of 1350 m. The Ayder Highland is the most well-known highland along the Black Sea. The infrastructure is totally in place and it almost has the appearance of a small town. Besides the abundant plant and wildlife, it is also very famous for its thermal spring. The hot waters (50 C) bring healing to rheumatism, various stomach and feminine ailments and. The area around this highland village, used as part of the ascent up the Kaçkar mountains, has abundant wildlife. Among the animals that can be seen are curly-horned mountain goats, lynx, bear and wolves. Çamlıhemşin-Aşağı and Yukarı Kavran Highlands The Aşağı Kavran highland, located 19 km in southeast of Çamlıhemşin, can be reached via a 10 km dirt road that starts in Ayder. There are minibuses that provide transportation. It is 3 km from Aşağı Kavran to Yukarı Kavran. It is about 8 km from the highland village of Yukarı Kavran, (elevation 2300 m) to the peak of Kaçkar Mountain(3937 m.). The village is the base camp for climbers on their way to Kaçkar. This village, which has no infrastructure, does have a small market that can provide basic necessities. Mules can also be rented here as pack animals for those climbing Kaçkar Mountain. Than we drive back to our hotel to have some rest and enjoy efternoon. Dinner is at  hotel.
 
Day 7 (Ayder, Trabzon) B L D
After breakfast wa drive to Trabzon , Before we leave Ayder region  you may have chance to have an Optional Rafting tour in Fırtına River. Than continue to drive for the lunch. After lunch on the way to see Sumela Monestary which is UNESCO World Haritage Site.Its construction began in AD 385. Clinging perilously to the sheer face of a cliff overlooking a lush valley, the 72-room monastery complex dedicated to the Virgin Mary. We have traditional black sea  foods for lunch. Trabzon, situated along Turkey's Black Sea coast, pausing for lunch en route. Trabzon is birthplace of Suleiman the Magnificent, the most influential and longest-reigning sultan of the Ottoman Empire.Drive to hotel for dinner and overnight in Trabzon.
  
Day 8 (Trabzon) B L D
Half day tour of Trabzon to seeHigh Sophia Church in Trabzon.Aya Sofya, a Byzantine-era cathedral adorned with spectacular frescoes.
Leaving the Aya Sofya, we discover more of Trabzon as we stroll from the Zagros Bridge to our hotel, where we enjoy dinner together this evening in a local restaurant.Overnight at hotel in Trabzon.
 
Day 9 (Trabzon, SIVAS) B L D
The province of Sivas is located at the eastern part of the Central Anatolian Region and is located on the course of the historical Silk Road and the Kings Road. The province of Sivas provides interesting vacation possibilities for visitors with its natural beauties, historical background and thermal springs. After lunch we visit highlights of Saljuk Turkish State and Mongolians buildings.Şifaiye Theological School: The structure is located at the city center inside the Seljukian park just opposite of the Double Minaret Theological School. The structure was constructed by the Sultan of the Seljukians I. İzzeddin Keykavus in 1217. The theological school was one of the oldest and greatest of the Anatolian Seljukian Medical schools and hospitals. The Sultan of the Seljukians I. İzzeddin Keykavus died in 1220 and rests at a mausoleum south of the Şifaiye Theological school as he had willed. Çifte Minareli (Double Minaret) Theological School: The theological school is located in the city center. The building was constructed by the vizier of İlhanlı, Şemseddin Mehmet Cüveyni in 1271. Only the original eastern side of the structure is still standing. Than drive to hotel for dinner and overnight.
 
Day 10 ( Sivas- Divrigi UNESCO Site) B L D
The magnificent building called Divriği Ulu Camii and Daru'ş-şifa (old Mosque and Hospital) in the World Art History was built by lord of Mengücek Feudal Ahmet Şah in 1228. Şifahane (Hospital) was built by Ahmet Şah's wife Melike Turan. Divriği Ulu Camii is also known as Fatma Hatun Camii or Ahmet Şah Camii.
This building has some differences from the others. For example, the 3D geometric styles and botanic designs were said "unique" by art historians and architects. Designs which embroider on doors and walls are asymmetric and every square have over then a thousand patterns. The foreman had always renovated himself. All the styles were arranged for showing unity of God.
Divriği Ulu Camii and Daru'ş-şifa has four doors. They are Şifahane Taç Door, North Taç Door, West Taç Door, Şah Mahfili Taç Door. Each of them is different from the other and glorious. Divriği Ulu Camii is a marvellous architecture and engineering example with it's every units. After lunch ,we drive back to Sivas to hotel for dinner and overnight.
 
Day 11 (Sivas, Cappadocia) B L D
After breakfast we drive to Cappadocia on the way we will have lonch.Upon arriving cappadocia we visit Kaymaklı Underground City .During the Hittite era, as successive armies swept across Asia Minor, underground cities were built as a uniquely defensible community, approximately eight stories underground. We can explore some of the hundreds of rooms, wandering the many narrow, sloping passageways between kitchens with enameled food storage areas, water cisterns, stables, and living spaces—all well ventilated by air shafts. At one time, several thousand people lived here Than we drive to hotel for dinner and overnight.
 
Day 12 (Cappadocia) B L D
Cappadocia is one of Turkey’s most fanciful and recognizable landscapes,Today you may have an Optional Hot Air Balloon tour and during this optional hot-air balloon flight, we’ll soar over its amber terrain and fairy-tale chimneys, savoring a unique panorama in the quiet, rosy light of dawn.Please note: The cost of this tour cannot be refunded to passengers who cancel less than 24 hours prior to the flight We’ll drive to the famous Goreme “open-air museum,” a group of ancient churches carved from the rock. Most of these chapels have colorful frescoes inside, which date from the tenth to the 13th centuries. Than we drive shortly to Uchisar Castle which is the panoramic watching point Cappadocia. Many rooms, steps, tunnel and galleries inside the castle. Lunch in a local restaurant.Avanos, the latter providing us with the opportunity to purchase some of the hand-turned pottery and tile that has been shaped here for millennia and some of the techniques still used date back to Hittite times to 2000 BC. This afternoon we visitZelve open -Air Museum.This nature site is the perfect place to take photos of remarkable landscape of tufa cones.Return to hotel for dinner and overnight.
 
Day 13 (Cappadocia) B L D
we'll see more of this scenic area of Cappadocia.Such asPasabag Highly remarkable earth pillars can be seen here, in the middle of a vineyard, hence the name of the place which means: the Pacha's vineyard. Pacha means "General", the military rank, in Turkish and it is a very common nick name. This site is also called Monks Valley.See another interesting rock formation called Dervent valley The small fairy chimneys in the valley form a lunar landscape, or moonscape, by their strange look. The valley also has many animal shaped rocks. It looks like a sculpture zoo made by nature After lunch we have the unique opportunity to get acquainted with the old turkish carpet-making tradition of Anatolia. This afternoon we have hike to Rose Valley is a large valley located between Goreme and Cavusin villages, and it is divided into many smaller valleys: Gulludere, Kizilcukur, Meskendir and Zindanonu valleys. This beautiful valley gets its name from the rose-colored rock that varies in hue and intensity depending on time of day, season and weather conditions. Return to hotel or before dinner we have an optional Whirling Dervish tour,you can be witness the "Ritual of Sema." The Semazens, also called “whirling dervishes,” believe that the fundamental condition of our existence is to revolve. Dinner and overnight.
 
Day 14 ( Cappadocia- Hittite site , Ankara) B L D
The archaeological site of Hattusha in UNESCO Sites List, former capital of the Hittite Empire, is notable for its urban organization, the types of construction that have been preserved (temples, royal residences, fortifications), the rich ornamentation of the Lions' Gate and the Royal Gate, and the ensemble of rock art at Yazilikaya. The city enjoyed considerable influence in Anatolia and northern Syria in the 2nd millennium B.C.
B.C. Afternoon we drive to Ankara.Dinner and overnight at hotel.
Day 15 (Ankara ,  Istanbul) B L D
After breakfast we  visit  to see Anatolian Civil. Museum and Ataturk Mosel.Turkey’s capital and second largest city. Our first stop will be the fascinating Museum of Anatolian Civilisations (The Hittite Museum) with its display of treasures and artefacts from the Assyrian trade colonies, the mighty Hittite Empire, and the Phyrgian and Urartu civilisations. lunch in local restaurant.After lunch we drive to Istanbul.Dinner and overnight at hotel in Istanbul.
 
Day 16   B
After breakfast transfer to Ataturk  airport  for your flight  home.
Included
otel Accommodation at below suggested hotels or similar • Sightseeing as per above itinerary • All escorted transfers • Daily breakfast, Lunches & Dinners where indicated. (Beverages are not included during lunches & Dinners) • Transportation by A/C deluxe vehicle depending number of pax • English speaking professional tour guide through the tour • All entry fees to the sites & museums • Tips to the hotel and restaurant staff • Service charges & local taxes
Excluded
• Flight tickets (International & National) • Drinks and meals which are not listed at the itinerary • All personal expenses • Tips to the tour guide and drivers
Notes
RECOMMENDED;  Book this tour in the middle of Summer whill south Turkey is too hot, It is difficult to wsit  Western and South of Turkey in the middle of Summer (July and August)t. But this tour gives you opportunity to visit highlands of Turkey in cool weather conditions, to see beautiful  high green mountains with traditional places and historical sits .
RECUESTED; You need to bring good walking shoe or hiking shoe for hiking in one of the valley in Cappadocia , Ayder-Kavran plateau of Black Sea region (hiking is optional and free of charge).
In this tour;2 nights in ISTANBUL,2 nights in VAN, 2 nights in KARS, 2 nights  in BLACK SEA AYDER PLATEAU , 2 nights in TRABZON,2 nights in  SIVAS ,3 nights in CAPPADOCİA. 1 night in ANKARA.
WE VİSİT; Van Akdamar Island with  Akdamar(Ahtamara) Church by Boat, Van Castle,  Cavustepe an Urartuien site, Van city tour, Muradiye Waterfalls, Ishakpasa Palace, Mount Ararat, Armanian Ani City, Kars city tour, Village lunch , Black Sea Ayder Plateau, Kavran Plateau with a free optional hike,  Sumela Monestary, Higia  Sophia Church in Trabzon, Zagros Bridge, Sivas  Sifaiye Theological School, Sivas  Cifte Minareli (Double Minaret) Theological School, Divrigi UNESCO Site- old mosque and hospital, Cappadocia , Optional Hot Air Balloon Ride, Goreme Open Air Museum, Uchisar Castle, Avanos with Pottery and Ceramic(tile) making lesson, Zelve Open Air Museum, Kaymaklı Underground City, Pasabag valley, Dervent valley, Rose valley, Optional Whirling Dervish tour, carpet-making lesson,   Hittites capital city Hattusash and Yazılıkaya Open Air Museum,  Museum of Anatolian Civilisations, 
 
Request and Booking Form
Turkey Cultural Tour
Zincirlidere Cd.Sisli-Istanbul/Turkey
• Tel: +90 532 3163653 • Tel: +90 212 2893252 • Fax: +90 212 2893252
• tours@turkeyculturaltour.com, • http://www.turkeyculturaltour.com
Turkey Cultural Tour
Zincirlidere Cd.Sisli-Istanbul/Turkey
• Tel: +90 532 3163653 • Tel: +90 212 2893252 • Fax: +90 212 2893252
• tours@turkeyculturaltour.com, • http://www.turkeyculturaltour.com