Day 1 (Istanbul)
Arrivval in Istanbul airport. Your tour guide will meet you and transfer to your hotel. This evening your guide meets the group to inform you about the tour. Then we will have dinner in a local restaurant. Stay and overnight at hotel in Istanbul.
Day 2 (İstanbul-Trabzon, Ayder plateau-Black sea) B L D
After breakfast we drive to the Airport and fly to Trabzon. On arrival at Trabzon airport we drive to Ayder plateau
The highlands in foothills of the Kaçkar mountain range with their unspoiled natural surroundings and charming highland houses are a must-see. Lunch is on the way. The Ayder Highland is the most well-known highland along the Black Sea
. With the time permiting we may have a hike in one of the valleys of Ayder Plateau before arriving to hotel. The infrastructure of Ayder is totally in place and it almost has the appearance of a small town. Besides the abundant plant and wildlife, it is also very famous for its thermal spring. Drive to the Hotel for dinner and overnight.
Day 3 Ayder-Kavran Highlands B L D
Today we enjoy the beauty of the Black Sea
mountains with its plateaus,
and in a minibus we go to Kavron plateau. There we have an optional hike and lunch.
With an elevation of 1350 m. The Ayder Highland is the most well-known highland along the Black Sea. Besides the abundant plant and wildlife, it is also very famous for its thermal spring. The hot waters (50 C)
is said heal rheumatism, various stomach and feminine ailments.The area around this highland village was part of the ascent up the Kaçkar mountains it has abundant wildlife. Among the animals that can be seen are curly-horned mountain goats, lynx, bear and wolves.Çamlıhemşin-Aşağı and Yukarı Kavran Highlands
The Aşağı Kavran highland, located 19 km in southeast of Çamlıhemşin, can be reached via a 10 km dirt road that starts in Ayder
. There are minibuses that provide transportation. It is 3 km from Aşağı Kavran to Yukarı Kavran. It is about 8 km from the highland village of Yukarı Kavran, (elevation 2300 m
) to the peak of Kaçkar Mountain (3937 m.)
The village is the base camp for climbers on their way to Kaçkar. This village, which has no infrastructure, does have a small market that can provide basic necessities. Mules can also be rented here as pack animals for those climbing Kaçkar Mountain. Than we drive back to our hotel to have some rest and enjoy efternoon. Dinner is at hotel.
Day 4 (Ayder, Trabzon) B L D
After breakfast wa drive to Trabzon , Before we leave Ayder region you may have chance to have an Optional Rafting tour in Fırtına River.
Than continue to drive for the lunch. After lunch on the way to see Sumela Monestary
which is UNESCO World Haritage Site.Its construction began in AD 385. Clinging perilously to the sheer face of a cliff overlooking a lush valley, the 72-room monastery complex dedicated to the Virgin Mary. We have traditional black sea foods for lunch. Trabzon, situated along Turkey's Black Sea coast, pausing for lunch en route.
Trabzon is birthplace of Suleiman the Magnificent
, the most influential and longest-reigning sultan of the Ottoman Empire.Drive to hotel for dinner and overnight in Trabzon.
Day 5 (Trabzon) B L D
Half day tour of Trabzon to seeHigh Sophia Church
in Trabzon.Aya Sofya, a Byzantine-era cathedral adorned with spectacular frescoes.
Leaving the Aya Sofya, we discover more of Trabzon as we stroll from the Zagros Bridge
to our hotel, where we enjoy dinner together this evening in a local restaurant.Overnight at hotel in Trabzon.
Day 6 (Trabzon, SIVAS) B L D
The province of Sivas is located at the eastern part of the Central Anatolian Region and is located on the course of the historical Silk Road and the Kings Road. The province of Sivas
provides interesting vacation possibilities for visitors with its natural beauties,
historical background and thermal springs. After lunch we visit highlights of Saljuk Turkish State and Mongolians buildings.Şifaiye Theological School:
The structure is located at the city center inside the Seljukian park just opposite of the Double Minaret Theological School. The structure was constructed by the Sultan of the Seljukians I. İzzeddin Keykavus in 1217. The theological school was one of the oldest and greatest of the Anatolian Seljukian Medical schools and hospitals. The Sultan of the Seljukians I. İzzeddin Keykavus died in 1220 and rests at a mausoleum south of the Şifaiye Theological school as he had willed. Çifte Minareli (Double Minaret) Theological School:
The theological school is located in the city center. The building was constructed by the vizier of İlhanlı, Şemseddin Mehmet Cüveyni in 1271. Only the original eastern side of the structure is still standing. Than drive to hotel for dinner and overnight.
Day 7 ( Sivas- Divrigi UNESCO Site) B L D
The magnificent building called Divriği Ulu Camii and Daru'ş-şifa (old Mosque and Hospital
in the World Art History was built by lord of Mengücek Feudal Ahmet Şah in 1228. Şifahane (Hospital) was built by Ahmet Şah's wife Melike Turan. Divriği Ulu Camii is also known as Fatma Hatun Camii or Ahmet Şah Camii.
This building has some differences from the others. For example, the 3D geometric styles and botanic designs were said "unique" by art historians and architects. Designs which embroider on doors and walls are asymmetric and every square have over then a thousand patterns. The foreman had always renovated himself. All the styles were arranged for showing unity of God.
Divriği Ulu Camii and Daru'ş-şifa has four doors. They are Şifahane
Taç Door, North Taç Door, West Taç Door, Şah Mahfili Taç Door. Each of them is different from the other and glorious. Divriği Ulu Camii is a marvellous architecture and engineering example with it's every units. After lunch ,we drive back to Sivas to hotel for dinner and overnight.
Day 8 ( Sivas- Hittite site ,Corum) B L D
The archaeological site of Hattusha in UNESCO Sites List, former capital of the Hittite Empire, is notable for its urban organization, the types of construction that have been preserved (temples, royal residences, fortifications), the rich ornamentation of the Lions' Gate and the Royal Gate, and the ensemble of rock art at Yazilikaya. The city enjoyed considerable influence in Anatolia and northern Syria in the 2nd millennium B.C.Afternoon we drive to Corum city.Dinner and overnight at hotel.
Day 9 (Corum, Cappadocia) B L D
After breakfast we drive to Cappadocia on the way we will have lunch.Upon arriving cappadocia we visit Kaymaklı Underground City
.During the Hittite era, as successive armies swept across Asia Minor, underground cities were built as a uniquely defensible community, approximately eight stories underground. We can explore some of the hundreds of rooms, wandering the many narrow, sloping passageways between kitchens with enameled food storage areas,
water cisterns, stables, and living spaces—all well ventilated by air shafts. At one time, several thousand people lived here Than we drive to hotel for dinner and overnight.
Day 10 (Cappadocia) B L D
Cappadocia is one of Turkey’s most fanciful and recognizable landscapes,Today you may have an Optional Hot Air Balloon
tour and during this optional hot-air balloon flight, we’ll soar over its amber terrain and fairy-tale chimneys, savoring a unique panorama in the quiet, rosy light of dawn.Please note
: The cost of this tour cannot be refunded to passengers who cancel less than 24 hours prior to the flight We’ll drive to the famous Goreme “open-air museum,”
a group of ancient churches carved from the rock. Most of these chapels have colorful frescoes inside, which date from the tenth to the 13th centuries.
Than we drive shortly to Uchisar Castle
which is the panoramic watching point Cappadocia. Many rooms, steps, tunnel and galleries inside the castle. Lunch in a local restaurant.Avanos
, the latter providing us with the opportunity to purchase some of thehand-turned pottery and tile
that has been shaped here for millennia and some of the techniques still used date back to Hittite times to 2000 BC. This afternoon we visit Zelve open -Air Museum.
This nature site is the perfect place to take photos of remarkable landscape of tufa cones.Return to hotel for dinner and overnight.
Day 11 (Cappadocia) B L D
we'll see more of this scenic area of Cappadocia.Such as Pasabag Highly
remarkable earth pillars can be seen here, in the middle of a vineyard, hence the name of the place which means: the Pacha's vineyard
. Pacha means "General", the military rank, in Turkish and it is a very common nick name. This site is also called Monks Valley.See another interesting rock formation called Dervent valley
The small fairy chimneys in the valley form a lunar landscape, or moonscape, by their strange look. The valley also has many animal shaped rocks. It looks like a sculpture zoo made by nature After lunch we have the unique opportunity to get acquainted with the old turkish carpet-making
tradition of Anatolia. This afternoon we have hike
to Rose Valley
is a large valley located between Goreme and Cavusin villages
, and it is divided into many smaller valleys: Gulludere, Kizilcukur, Meskendir and Zindanonu valleys.
This beautiful valley gets its name from the rose-colored rock that varies in hue and intensity depending on time of day, season and weather conditions. Return to hotel or before dinner we have an optionalWhirling Dervish tour
,you can be witness the "Ritual of Sema." The Semazens, also called “whirling dervishes,” believe that the fundamental condition of our existence is to revolve. Dinner and overnight.
Day 12 ( Cappadocia, Pamukkale) B L D
After breakfast drive to the petrified white lime cascades of Pamukkale. Lunch is a local restaurant on the way to Pamukkale. Pamukkale, "The Cotton Castle" with its snow-white terraces formed by thermal waters cascading down the hillside. At nearby Hierapolis we will see the stadium and take a fascinating stroll through the tombs of the Necropolis .
Day 13 (Pamukkale-Aphrodisias, Kusadasi) B L D
After breakfast travel by coach to visit Aphrodisias, one of Turkey's most important archaeological discoveries of recent decades. These marvellous ruins rival Ephesus and include the Temple of Aphrodite with its dazzling white marble and a vast, virtually intact amphitheatre.We have lunch in a local restaurant. Later we drive to Ephesus area,tovisit also view the ruins of the sixth-century Basilica of St. John, said to stand over the burial site of the Apostle of Jesus, who is thought to have authored the Book of Revelation and the Fourth Gospel of the Bible while in Ephesus.Than drive to Kusadası for dinner and overnight.
Day 14 (Kusadasi) B L D
After breakfast, we drive for less than an hour to the world-famous ancient Greco-Roman site of Ephesus, one of the largest and best-preserved ancient cities in the world and a UNESCO World Heritage Site. You can walk on the remarkably preserved wide marble streets, flanked by columns and temples. We see the Library of Celsus, a tiered façade decorated with exquisite statues. The amphitheater we’ll see is the same one where St. Paul preached to the Ephesians. And there are also remarkably preserved baths. Ephesus was also the site of the Temple of Artemis, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. No longer standing, it was said to be one of the most colossal temples ever built.Lunch in a local restaurant,than . we also visit the nearbyHouse of the Virgin Mary, nestled high in the hills overlooking the city of Ephesus. Later this afternoon, we have the unique opportunity to get acquainted with the old turkish carpet-making tradition of Anatolia, befor we drive to hotel in Kusadası.
Day 15 (Kusadasi, Canakkale) B L D
Travelling Nourth down the mountainous coastline of Turkey our first stop will be at the ancient Acropolis of Pergamum, famous for its wealth of archaeological ruins where, from the Temple of Trajan, you will take in the stunning views of the surrounding countryside.After lunch we then continue down the Nourth Coast to the popular ruins of the ancient city of Troy, the site of the mythological battle Homer immortalized in his Illiad. Archaeologists have proved that there had been nine separate periods of settlement here dating back to 3,000 BC. Then we drive to hoteı in Canakkale for dinner and overnight.
Day 16 ( Canakkale- Anzac Cove, Canakkale)
After breakfast we cross the Dardanelles br ferry to ANZAC Cove area. Our Gallipoli Campaign begins today. The peninsula is filled with cemeteries, a war museum and many memorials to the tragic events of 1915. As you enter this almost barren land, you can still sense the war and heartache that once dominated the landscape, breaking the silent air.Our first visits will be to Anzac Cove and Beach Cemetery - home to one of Australia's most legendary soldiers, Private John Simpson. We will then trace the steps of the ANZACs up into the rugged hills to visit the Anzac Memorials at Lone Pine and Chunuk Bair. Amongst the numerous sights also visited will be Shrapnel Valley, Walker’s Ridge, the Nek and the surrounding trenches. Our last stop on the Gallipoli Peninsula will be the Kapatebe War Museum with its absorbing collection of war relics and memorabilia. We have included lunch in a local restaurant.Afternoon we cross Dardanelles by ferry.Dinner and overnight at hotel in Canakkale.
Day 17 (Canakkale - Helles area, Canakkale) B L D
In the morning take the ferry across Dardanelles for a day touring of the Helles area and battlefields,Britis landing beaches and memorials for Allied like V Beach,River Clyde Dock,The Castle,Morto Bay,Abide(Turkish Monumant),Twelve Tree Cops Cemetery,Helles,Dardanos batteries, including the Ottoman and Allied areas of conflict. We visit Ahcıbaba Hill which wes strategicly an important place during the war to see battlefields from there to understantand contitions better.. Return by ferry to Canakkale to have lunch in a local restaurant. On the way to hotel visit, Dardanos batteries and take the ferry back to Asia ,a short drive back to the hotel for dinner and overnight in Canakkale.
Day 18 ( Canakkale, Istanbul ) B L D
After breakfast we drive to Istanbul. Upon arrivel to Istanbul ,we have lunch in a local Restaurant. Than we visit Hagia Sophia, the "Church of Divine Wisdom." Completed under the Emperor Justinian in AD 537, the magnificent dome of the Hagia Sophia was once the pre-eminent architectural wonder of the Byzantine world. The massive building was a Christian church for almost a thousand years until the conquest of Constantinople in 1453, when Mehmet the Conqueror claimed it for Islam. The building served as a mosque until 1934, when the revolutionary leader and founder of the Republic,Kemal Atatürk, proclaimed it as a museum. This impressive structure has also been designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site.We drive to hotel for dinner and overnight.
Day 19 (Istanbul) B D
This morning, we'll discover some of Istanbul's most famous sites on foot, including Topkapi Palace. Mehmet the Conqueror started building this complex in about 1459 and it served as the royal palace of the Ottoman sultans until 1853. Today, it is one of the world's richest museums, with a staggering collection of jewels, arms, porcelain, sculpture, manuscripts, and more. Next, we stop at the classic Blue Mosque, so-called for the shimmering blue tiles that line its interior. Flanked by symmetrical soaring minarets, it is one of the defining elements of the Istanbul skyline. This icon of Ottoman architectural design was constructed under the patronage of Sultan Ahmet I, from 1609-1616. The Hippodromme, was the center of sporting (chariots races, athletics) events and political activities of the old city.
Today lunch is on your own.
After the lunch, just a short walk across the square takes us to the Underground Cistern,the largest of the many underground cisterns built during the Byzantine Empire to supply the city with water. This cistern is especially fascinating because the Byzantine builders recycled many stone structures, capital heads and columns, that had been used in earlier temples. Now an upside down Medusa stares out at us from her watery home.This afternoon, we take to the water for our Bosporus cruise. You can look north to the “European” district of Galata, or east to the Asiatic side of the Bosporus and the Maiden’s Tower. In ancient times, the Golden Horn could be closed off to warships with a giant chain stretching from here to Seraglio Point. The tour will end with the visit to the Grand Bazaar, the vast and legendary covered market that is the biggest souk (market place) in the world with nearly 4000 shops selling antiques, jewelry, clothes, spices, carpets and much more. Drive back to hotel.Dinner is together in a restaurant which is a famous place called Kumkapi.
Day 20 B
After breakfast transfer to Ataturk Airport for your flight our.