Turkey Cultural Tour   
History of Turkey
History of Turkey
History of Turkey
History of Turkey
History of Turkey
History of Turkey
History of Turkey
 History of Turkey
10000 BC
Gobeklipepe Knowen first temple in the world in northern Mesopotemia 
9500 BC
Asiklı Hüyük,in Cappadocia
7500 BC
First Stone age settlements  accepted as a city at Çatalhüyük ,near Konya
2200- 1900 BC
Assurian trade colonies, on clay tablets kuniform articles at Kanish-Kultepe near Kayseri
1900-1300 BC
Hittite Empire with Hattusas as capital, contemporary with ancient Egypt and Babylon 
1250 BC
The Trojan war and the fall of Troy 
1200-700 BC
Migration of Greeks to Aegean coastal regions. Establishment of the Phrygian, Ionian, Lycian, Lydian, Carian and Pamphylian Kingdoms. The East of Turkey is the home of the Urartians 
700 BC
Homer is born in Izmir (Smyrna). Aegean Hellenism begins 
546 BC
Cyrus the Great leads the Persians into Anatolia
334 BC
Alexander the Great drives out the Persians 
130 BC
The Romans incorporate Anatolia as the province of Asia, controlled from Ephesus (Efes) 
40 BC
Antioch sees the marriage of Antony and Cleopatra 
47-57 AD
St. Paul spreads Christianity and a community at Antioch is established 
313
Roman Empire adopts Christianity 
330
Constantine lays out the boundaries of his new capital, Constantinople
527-65
Glory of Byzantium under Justinian 
638-718
Muslim Arabs besiege Constantinople 
1054
Greek and Roman Churches split over theology 
1071-1243
Rise and rule of the Selcuk Turks in Anatolia, Konya is their capital 
1096-1204
The Crusades, marking the beginning of the end for Byzantium, a fascinating period in Byzantine history 
1288
Ottoman Empire appears in Bursa 
1453
The fall of Constantinople - the birth of Istanbul 
1520-66
Suleyman the Magnificent sits on the Ottoman throne controlling a huge and powerful empire 
1682-1725
Peter the Great initiates Russo-Turkish rivalry 
1854
Crimean war 
1909
Abdul Hamid, the last of an unbroken line of Ottoman sultans is deposed 
1914
Turkey allies with Germany in the first world war 
1915
Gallipoli 
1919
Ataturk leads resistance to the allied plan to carve up Turkey 
1923
Foundation of the modern Republic of Turkey by Mustafa Kemal Ataturk. Many things happen all at once 
1938
Ataturk dies in Istanbul's Dolmabahce palace 
1939-45
Turkey manages to remain neutral during the second world war 
1946
Charter membership of the UN 
1952
Turkey joins NATO
1960
Military coup, successive governments ineffective 
1964
Associate member status of EU 
1974
Cyprus crisis 
1980
Kanan Evren leads military coup. 3 years of military government
 1983
Turgut Ozal elected prime Minister 
1985-90
Full EU membership for Turkey impeded by Cypriot issue and questions over human rights record 
1991-93
Suleyman Demirel elected Prime Minister, inflation at 70% 
1993-96
Demirel President, Tansu Ciller Prime Minister, Turkey joins EU Customs Union 
1997-98
5 attempts at forming coalition governments, Islamic Welfare party disbanded, reforms as Virtue and is the largest single party in parliament. Military intervenes to prevent Islamicists forming governments. 75th Anniversary of the Turkish Republic (and 15th of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus) celebrated.
 
Did You Know That?
The first coins ever minted were done so at Sardis, the capital of the ancient kingdom of Lycia, at the end of the seventh century B.C.
All seven of the Great Ecumenical Councils that defined Christian theology took place within the boundaries of Turkey.
One of the first most accurate world maps were drawn by the well-known Turkish cartographer and navigator Piri Reis in 1513.
Seven churches of revelations is in the West of Turkey and they are known as the Church of Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamum, Thyatira, Sardis, Philadelphia, and Laodicea.
Heredotus the ancient writer known to be the father of the history lived in Smyrna (ancient name of modern Izmir) and in Halicarnassus-Bodrum in the fifth century B.C.
The first man ever to fly was Turkish. Using two wings, Hezarfen Ahmet Celebi flew from the Galata Tower over the Bosphorus to land in Uskudar in the 17th century.
The word "turquoise" comes from "Turk" meaning Turkish, and was derived from the beautiful colour of the Mediterranean Sea on the southern Turkish coast.
According to the Legend of Great Flood, after the withdraw of the waters, Noah's Ark landed on Mount Ararat in eastern Anatolia.
The most valuable silk carpet in the world is in the Mevlana Museum in Konya, Turkey. Marco Polo's journeys in the thirteenth centuries took him here, and he remarked that the "best and handsomest of rugs" were to be found in Turkey.
Byzantine Emperor Constantine summoned the First Ecumenical Council in Nicea (modern Iznik city in Turkey) in 325 AD.
Homer's birthplace is Izmir (Ancient Smyrna).
Alexander the Great's tutor Aristotle, invented the life sciences while he stayed in Assos (Behramkale) for three years.
Alexander the Great cut the Gordion Knot near Ankara.
King Midas was an Anatolian.
Eddesa (Sanliurfa) where Prophet Abraham was born, the well where Job has fallen is in southeast Turkey.
The Turks introduced coffee to Europe when the retreating Ottoman army abandoned sacks of it at the gates of Vienna.
The first written peace was signed by the Hittite king Hattusili the 3rd and Egyptian Pharaoh Ramses the 2nd after the battle of Kadesh in 1295 B.C south of Turkey.
The words of Julius Caesar "Veni, Vidi; Vici (I came, I saw, I conquered) were said in Zile near by today's Tokat Province in Turkey in 47 BC.
Tulips were introduced to Holland from Anatolia by Ogier Ghiselin de Busbecq who was the ambassador of Charles V. to Sultan Suleyman The Magnificent.
Hagia Sophia was the largest chuch in Christendom for many centuries and still standing in Istanbul.
Sirkeci Train Station in Istanbul was the last stop of the Simplon-Orient Express "King of Trains and the Trains of Kings" between Pairs and Istanbul from 1883 to 1977
 
Turkey Cultural Tour
Zincirlidere Cd.Sisli-Istanbul/Turkey
• Tel: +90 532 3163653 • Tel: +90 212 2893252 • Fax: +90 212 2893252
• tours@turkeyculturaltour.com, • http://www.turkeyculturaltour.com
Turkey Cultural Tour
Zincirlidere Cd.Sisli-Istanbul/Turkey
• Tel: +90 532 3163653 • Tel: +90 212 2893252 • Fax: +90 212 2893252
• tours@turkeyculturaltour.com, • http://www.turkeyculturaltour.com