Turkey Cultural Tour   
Niğde-Tyana and Gumusler Monastery in Cappadocia-Turkey
Niğde-Tyana and Gumusler Monastery in Cappadocia-Turkey
Niğde-Tyana and Gumusler Monastery in Cappadocia-Turkey
Niğde-Tyana and Gumusler Monastery in Cappadocia-Turkey
Niğde-Tyana and Gumusler Monastery in Cappadocia-Turkey
Niğde-Tyana and Gumusler Monastery in Cappadocia-Turkey
Niğde-Tyana and Gumusler Monastery in Cappadocia-Turkey
 
Nigde Tyana is the city referred to in Hittite archives as Tuwanuwa. During the Hittite Empire period in mid 2nd millennium, Tuwanuwa was among the principal settlements of the region along with Hupisna, Landa, Sahasara, Huwassana and Kuniyawannni. This south-central Anatolian region was referred to as the Lower Land in Hittite sources and its population was mainly Luwian speakers. Following the collapse of the Hittite Empire, Tuwanuwa/Tuwana was a major city of the independent Neo-Hittite kingdoms. It is not certain whether or not it was initially subject to the Tabal kingdom to its north, but certainly by the late 8th century BC it was an independent kingdom under a ruler named Warpalawa (in Assyrian sources Urballa). He figures in several hieroglyphic Luwian inscriptions found in the region, including a monumental rock carving in Ivriz. Warpalawa is also mentioned in Assyrian texts, under the name Urballa, first in a list of tributees of Assyrian king Tiglath Pileser III and later in a letter of Sargon II. Ancient Tyana, or what remains of it today, is located about ten minutes away from downtown Bor. Driving south, on the highway back to Ulukışla, almost on the outskirt of Bor, one enters the town of Kemerhisar, a small town that stretches in an east-west direction. The ruins of Tyana are located on the northern edge of Kemerhisar and are said to have been constructed bye the Hittites and subsequently operated by Greeks and Romans. According to archaeologists the aqueduct was built by Emperor Caracella (A.D. 211-217). Aqueducts situated 20 km south of Niğde and 4 km north of the Adana-Kayseri road and continuation of the Roman Pool. The aqueduct carries the antique Roman Pool’s water. The original supply of the aqueduct, the monumental pool of Bahçeli(Roman Pool) is stil well preserved. Spring waters were collected in a rectengular basin which was decorated with finely moulded white stones. Water started its journey toward Tyana in an underground conduit. The conduit came to the surface a couple of miles from its final destination. At first a long line of buried arches is seen then they gradually rise up from the ground. The side of Kemerhisar where the aqueduct reached Tyana is being excavated and baths and a baptistary have been identified.. Kemerhisar is also reputed birthplace of Apollonius of Tyana.
Gümüşler Ruins and Monastery These ruins and the monastery is located in the borders of Gümüşler Bor which is 9 km. away from Niğde province. The monastery is one of the most beautiful and well preserved creations of the Byzantine art in Anatolia. The monastery was declared as an archeologically protected site in 1973 and is carved inside a vast and wide rock piece. The church has four main pillars with the shape of rock cavity and the walls are covered with frescos. The strong and vigorous expressions of the frescos in the church, the present underground city, the great burial chamber, the accommodation areas carved in the large rock masses and increased defensive precautions express that the Gümüşler ruins and the monastery was one of the important religious center of its period.  

 

 
Turkey Cultural Tour
Zincirlidere Cd.Sisli-Istanbul/Turkey
• Tel: +90 532 3163653 • Tel: +90 212 2893252 • Fax: +90 212 2893252
• tours@turkeyculturaltour.com, • http://www.turkeyculturaltour.com
Turkey Cultural Tour
Zincirlidere Cd.Sisli-Istanbul/Turkey
• Tel: +90 532 3163653 • Tel: +90 212 2893252 • Fax: +90 212 2893252
• tours@turkeyculturaltour.com, • http://www.turkeyculturaltour.com